The Nature of Information Products for Supporting Digital Learning in Selected International High Schools in Mombasa County


  • Kigen Lucy Kenya Methodist University
  • Gichohi Paul Maku Kenya Methodist University
  • Kithinji Winfred Kenya Methodist University


Nature of information products, digital learning, international high schools


The learning institutions’ libraries are expected to provide diverse online products and services for academic excellence. Nevertheless, there has been poor library support for effective implementation of digital learning systems in international schools in Kenya. The study had a purpose of examining the nature of equipment and facilities available in the library for supporting digital learning in international high schools with particular reference to Aga Khan Academy and Oshwal Academy Senior School Libraries in Mombasa County. The study used a descriptive research design. Information was gathered from principals, teachers, librarians and heads of departments. Descriptive statistics such as mean, percentage and frequency were utilized. Linear regression analysis and Pearson Correlation analysis were used in this study. The study discovered that information products and services supported digital learning in international high schools. The institutions were doing their best however, there were shortcomings related to lack of adequate finances, appropriate e-learning providers and cyber insecurity concerns. The study concluded that the schools were unable to keep tabs with change in technology. This was because it was a challenge in always purchasing computers, installing more faster internet and other expenditures whereas the institution has other expenditures such as salaries, food and beverages, repair and maintenance among others. The recommendations were that the international school management should come up with fresh methods of sourcing for more funds from well-wishers, corporates and stakeholders so that they are able to have enough resources to fund digital learning. The management should liaise and enter partnership with various corporates such as Safaricom, Telcom and Airtel for supply of 5G internet at subsidized rates. The partnership should cover for installation and frequent update of ICT infrastructure at low costs.

Author Biographies

Kigen Lucy, Kenya Methodist University

Information Science

Gichohi Paul Maku , Kenya Methodist University

Information Science

Kithinji Winfred, Kenya Methodist University

Information Science


Aguayo, C., Cochrane, T., & Narayan, V. (2017). Key themes in mobile learning: Prospects for learner-generated learning through AR and VR. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 33(6), 27-40.

Almaiah, M. A., &Alyoussef, I. Y. (2019). Analysis of the effect of course design, course content support, course assessment and instructor characteristics on the actual use of Digital learning system. Leee Access, 7(1), 171907–171922.

Almaiah, M. A., &Almulhem, A. (2018). A conceptual framework for determining the success factors of digital learning system implementation using Delphi technique. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 96(17), 5962–5976.

Chung, E., Subramaniam, G., & Dass, L. C. (2020). Online learning readiness among university students in Malaysia amidst COVID-19. Asian Journal of University Education, 16(2), 45-58.

Goldie, J. G. S. (2016) Connectivism: a knowledge learning theory for the digital age. Medical Teacher, 38(10), 1064-1069.

Gopal, R., Singh, V., & Aggarwal, A. (2021). Impact of online classes on the satisfaction and performance of students during the pandemic period of COVID-19. Education and Information Technologies, 26(6), 6923-6947.

Kaisara, G., & Bwalya, K. J. (2021). Investigating the digital learning challenges faced by students during covid-19 in Namibia. International Journal of Higher Education, 10(1), 308-318.

Mabeya, M. (2020). Distance learning during COVID-19 crisis: Primary and secondary school parents’ experiences in Kenya. East African Journal of Education Studies, 2(1), 173-186.

Mailu, S.K., Adem, A., Mbugua, D.K., Gathuka, P., &Mwogoi, T. (2021). Response rate, incentives and timing of online surveys: A study of agriculture researchers in Kenya. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(1), 82-93.

Mansour, E. (2020). Libraries as agents for development: The potential role of Egyptian rural public libraries towards the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals based on the UN 2030 Agenda. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 52(1), 121-136.

Martin, F., Wang, C., &Sadaf, A. (2018). Student perception of helpfulness of facilitation strategies that enhance instructor presence, connectedness, engagement, and learning in online courses. The Internet and Higher Education, 37(2), 52–65.

Mastercard Foundation (2020). Twelve African EdTech companies named as first fellows at center for innovative teaching and learning in ICT: EdTech innovators aim to improve teaching and learning in secondary education.

Mensink, P. J., & King, K. (2020). Student access to online feedback is modified by the availability of assessment marks, gender and academic performance. British Journal of Educational Technology, 51(1), 10-22.

Mpungose, C.B. (2020). Emergent transition from face-to-face to online learning in a South African University in the context of the Coronavirus pandemic. Humanities & Social Science Communication, 7(113), 1-10.

Mutisya, D. N., & Makokha, G. L. (2016). Challenges affecting adoption of digital learning in public universities in Kenya. Digital learning and Digital Media, 13(3–4), 140–157.

Nyabuto, J. (2019). Transformative aspects of Wireless innovations in Academic Libraries in Kenya-case of the University of Nairobi Library (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Opala, G. K. (2017). Marketing of information resources in school libraries: the case of the Aga Khan High School-Nairobi, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi)

Sileyew, K. J. (2019). Research design and methodology (pp. 1-12). Rijeka: IntechOpen.

Tam, A., Choi, S., Tkalcevic, A., Dukic, Z., & Zheng, J. X. (2017, August). School Librarians in Action: A Comparative Study of School Library Programs in Croatia and Hong Kong. In IASL Annual Conference Proceedings.

Van der Vlies, R. (2020). Digital strategies in education across OECD countries: Exploring education policies on digital technologies.

Vasileiou, K., Barnett, J., Thorpe, S., & Young, T. (2018). Characterising and justifying sample size sufficiency in interview-based studies: systematic analysis of qualitative health research over 15 years. BMC medical research methodology, 18(1), 1-18.

Yan, Yan, Bing Li, Wei Guo, Huan Pang, and Huaiguo Xue. "Vanadium based materials as electrode materials for high-performance super capacitors." Journal of Power Sources 329 (2016): 148-169.

Zongozzi, J. N. (2022). Accessible quality higher education for students with disabilities in a South African open distance and e-learning institution: Challenges. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 69(5), 1645-1657.




How to Cite

Lucy, K., Maku , G. P. ., & Winfred, K. . (2022). The Nature of Information Products for Supporting Digital Learning in Selected International High Schools in Mombasa County. Journal of Information and Technology, 2(2), 18–29. Retrieved from